Dash (cryptocurrency)

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Dash (formerly known as Darkcoin and XCoin) is an open source peer-to-peer cryptocurrency and decentralized autonomous organization (DAO).[1][2] It features instant transactions, private transactions and a self-funded, self-governed organizational structure.[3] Dash is a fork of the Bitcoin software[4] and is referred to as an altcoin.[5] It was launched in January 2014 by Evan Duffield.[6] The name 'Dash' is a portmanteau of 'Digital Cash'.[7]

Decentralized Autonomous Organization[edit]

Dash's self-funded, self-governed organizational structure[3] sometimes referred to as the treasury system[4] or decentralized governance by blockchain[2] makes Dash a decentralized autonomous organization (DAO). The system relies on a global network of masternodes which vote on proposals for improving Dash's ecosystem.[4][6] Approved proposals are funded from the treasury, which receives 10% of all newly created Dash, with 45% allocated to miners and 45% to masternodes.[6] Running a masternode requires ownership of 1000 Dash.[8]

Community Outreach[edit]

Dash sponsors community outreach in multiple regions.

ASU Blockchain Research Laboratory[edit]

Arizona State University's Blockchain Research Laboratory requested $350k in funding from Dash's treasury to create blockchain-focused scholarships, an online blockchain course and perform research pertaining to Dash.[4] The proposal passed and Arizona State University received funding in December 2017.[4]


KuvaCash is a Dash-funded startup that aims to offer a payment solution in Zimbabwe.[9] The project received $550k in funding from Dash's treasury[9] and passed with 871 votes in favour to 357 votes against.[10]


An organization called Dash Venezuela has held to date 8 conferences in Venezuela aimed at community outreach and promotion of the cryptocurrency.[11] It promotes Dash as a method of payment and operates a Spanish-speaking technical support centre for problems related to Dash.[11]


  1. ^ Galt, Juan S. (12 September 2015). "DASH – The First Decentralized Autonomous Organization?". Cointelegraph. 
  2. ^ a b Stevenson, John (29 May 2018). "City academic makes link between cryptocurrency trading and machine learning". City, University of London. 
  3. ^ a b Grant, Terry (18 Jan 2018). "Dash, Arizona State University Elevate Blockchain Research, Offer Graduate Course and Scholarships". FullCircle, Arizona State University. 
  4. ^ a b c d e Garg, Yash (10 Jan 2018). "Dash Gives ASU a Grant to Fund Blockchain Initiatives". ASU Blockchain Research, Arizona State University. 
  5. ^ Dopfel, Fred (22 January 2018). "Bitcoin bubble may be sign of cryptocurrency investment trouble". North Bay Business Journal. 
  6. ^ a b c Kauflin, Jeff (22 Dec 2017). "Dash Is Up 8,000% In 2017. Is This 'Darkcoin' A Better Version Of Bitcoin?". Forbes. 
  7. ^ "The U.S. town where Bitcoin thrives". Quest Means Business. April 2018. CNN International. 
  8. ^ Bergman, Adam (2 Mar 2018). "Taxation Of Cryptocurrency Proof Of Stake Transaction Fees". Forbes. 
  9. ^ a b Akhtar, Tanzeel (22 Nov 2017). "As Zimbabwe Celebrates Mugabe Resignation, Bitcoin and Cryptos Reign Supreme". The Street. 
  10. ^ McFarlane, Gary (24 Nov 2017). "High-flying cryptos: Digital currencies and the bubble question". Interactive Investor. 
  11. ^ a b Santambrogio, Clelia (15 May 2018). "Dash Venezuela continuará incentivando la adopción de la moneda a nivel personal, empresarial y de emprendimiento". Computerworld Venezuela (in Spanish). 

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